Last Resort for Pigs and Starling
Stiftung Artenschutz supports a wildlife rescue centre on Java
Talking about endangered Indonesian species, many of us think about the Sumatran tiger, the Javan rhinoceros or the orang-utan. But Indonesia, a country with enormous biodiversity, is also home to many other lesser known, but unfortunately no less endangered species.
Two of these highly endangered native species are the Black-winged starling and the Javan Warty Pig. The pig is endemic to Java, the starling nearls so, as a small remnamt population also occurs on the neighbouring island of Bali. Java is home to a population of 130 million people and is considered one of the most densely populated places in the world with an average human population density of 1.000 people per square kilometer. This tremendous population pressure, habitat destruction and massive hunting and capture for trade have driven many native species to the brink of extinction.
The Cikananga Wildlife Center (former Cikananga Wild Animal Rescue Center), a non-profit organization dedicated to the conservation of wildlife and its habitats in Indonesia, was established in 2001. The wild animal rescue center that is officially accredited in Indonesia is currently one of the largest wildlife rescue centers worldwide. The aim of the PPSC is to provide resources and manpower to facilitate confiscated wild animals, their captive breeding where appropriate and ultimate and re-introduction to their natural habitat. In addition the Cikananga Wildlife Center promotes conservation awareness and implements environmental education programs.
Stiftung Artenschutz and its partner Zoological Society for the Conservation of Species and Populations (ZGAP) support the wildlife rescue centre in its conservation breeding programme for the highly endangered Black-winged starling and Javan warty pig. Both species have undergone a widespread rapid decline so that currently intensive conservation measures are needed to secure their long term survival. The aim of the conservation programme is to establish captive populations for both species that reliably produces offspring that may be reintroduced later to selected protected habitat areas.